Monday, September 1, 2014

Second genocide in Rwanda? Slow, silent, systematic?

By Ann Garrison
San Francisco Bay View
August 30, 2014

What is happening in Rwanda? On Aug. 26, the BBC reported that Burundian officials are investigating to determine why Rwandan bodies have been found floating in Lake Rweru, on Burundi’s border with Rwanda.
Life prisoners – all Hutu – in Muhanga (formerly Gitarama) Prison are, according to the Global Research caption, regularly “hung, cuffed and crucified.” Some appear very young. Eighty percent of those who are released reportedly live no longer than another year or two. In 1995, the British Independent newspaper described this as the “worst prison in the world.” Much of it was destroyed by fire June 5. Were the prisoners inside? Are their bodies in Lake Rweru?
Life prisoners – all Hutu – in Muhanga (formerly Gitarama) Prison are, according to the Global Research caption, regularly “hung, cuffed and crucified.” Some appear very young. Eighty percent of those who are released reportedly live no longer than another year or two. In 1995, the British Independent newspaper described this as the “worst prison in the world.” Much of it was destroyed by fire June 5. Were the prisoners inside? Are their bodies in Lake Rweru?
The discovery is not only gruesome but also ominous because both East African nations suffer from extremely volatile Hutu-Tutsi ethnic rivalries rooted in centuries of Hutu oppression by a feudal Tutsi aristocracy, which became a colonial elite in the 18th and 19th centuries.
Attempts to institute European democracy – between 1959 and 1961 in Rwanda and in 1993 in Burundi – turned the existing social order upside down, giving electoral advantage to the Hutu majorities, which the Tutsi minorities refused to accept. War, genocide and massacres ensued and both nations, neither of which is yet 100 years old, are commonly described as tinderboxes awaiting a match.
Rwanda’s President Paul Kagame is a Tutsi, Burundi’s President Pierre Nkurunziza a Hutu. Despite past alliances of convenience, they are now antagonists. In 1993, Burundi’s Tutsi military elite assassinated that country’s first democratically elected president, Hutu Melchior Ndadaye, triggering genocidal massacres of both ethnicities in Burundi and escalating fears of the same – which did indeed follow – in Rwanda.
In 1994, near the end of a four year war of aggression, Kagame ordered the assassination of both Rwanda and Burundi’s Hutu presidents by shooting their plane out of the sky on April 6, 1994, and then launched a carefully planned, U.S. backed military offensive to seize power and restore Tutsi rule in Rwanda, even as the country sank into chaos and genocidal massacres of both ethnicities.
Any conclusion that the bodies floating in the lake are victims of state execution, genocidal execution or both could be incendiary within the two countries and/or between them. That incendiary potential has been manipulated by both foreign and domestic elites, who are no doubt following this story closely – and most likely attempting to control its outcomes.
These bound and bagged bodies certainly have the look of state execution, genocidal or not, and the simple conclusion that they were state executions has incendiary potential in itself. Rwandan President Paul Kagame arrested three of his own top military officers last week, as resistance continued to rise within his own Tutsi elite.

Rwandan or Burundian bodies?

Burundian official Jean Berchmans Mpabansi told the BBC, “The victims are not Burundian citizens because the bodies are coming from Akagera River flowing from Rwanda.”
Fisherman report finding around 40 bodies wrapped in plastic in Lake Rweru since July, some of them tied up. – Photo: Mike Goldwater, AlamyAlamy
Fisherman report finding around 40 bodies wrapped in plastic in Lake Rweru since July, some of them tied up. – Photo: Mike Goldwater, AlamyAlamy
The Voice of Burundireported, translated here from the French, “In recent days corpses wrapped in plastic bags are found floating on Lake Rweru on the border between Burundi and Rwanda in Muyinga Province.
“More than 40 bodies floating in the Rweru Lake town of Giteranyi have been seen and counted since the month of July by the fishermen, as confirmed by the local administration and police. This week, these fishermen, accompanied by a unit of the Navy, saw two bodies on the mouth of the Akagera.”
Rwandan Police said that no one has been reported missing in Rwanda, and Burundian Police said the same about Burundi. Both claims are unlikely because the national police of any country of 10 or 11 million people is sure to have a list of missing persons at any given time.
It’s particularly unlikely in the case of Rwanda, because on May 16, Human Rights Watch reported that “an increasing number of Rwandans have been forcibly disappeared or reported missing” and that some were known to have been forcibly disappeared by Rwanda’s army, the Rwandan Defense Force. HRW detailed 14 cases of missing persons.
In mid-July HRW spoke to the anniversary of the murder of Gustave Makonene, coordinator of Transparency International Rwanda’s Advocacy and Legal Advice Center in Rubavu, Rwanda:
“The details of Gustave Makonene’s death are gruesome. His body was found outside the lakeside town of Rubavu, in northwestern Rwanda, on July 18, 2013. The police medical report indicated he was strangled. Local residents who saw his body gave Human Rights Watch more graphic detail. They believed his body may have been thrown from a car on a road above the lake and ended up twisted around a large tree, which had blocked its fall into the water.”
There have been neither investigations nor charges. Another HRW essayist asked, “Why is the whole world still silent on the murder of Rwandan activist Makonene?” On Aug. 1, Transparency International issued a press release saying that the staff of all five of their Rwandan offices are in danger.

President Paul Kagame’s plausibility problem

Rwandan President Paul Kagame has never been noted for plausible or consistent explanation. After 18 years of Rwandan invasion, occupation, assassination and resource plunder in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, all copiously documented, he continues to tell Western television audiences that he cannot be held responsible for the problems of Congo, that Congo’s problems began with colonialism long before his birth.
Lake Rweru lies on the Rwanda-Burundi border. – Map: BBC
Lake Rweru lies on the Rwanda-Burundi border. – Map: BBC
And, of course, he continues to say that his destiny is to save and forever protect the Rwandan people from genocide, because, as he tells the story over and over, the world abandoned Rwanda in 1994.
It’s a matter of record that Kagame himself threatened to fire on U.N. troops if they attempted to intervene in Rwanda in 1994, but that’s never been of concern to corporate broadcast anchors. Neither has Kagame’s U.S-backed invasion of Rwanda, commanding a detachment of the Ugandan army in October 1990. Nor has the four year war that those Ugandan troops waged in Rwanda between October 1990 and July 1994. Nor has the active intervention of the Clinton administration to prevent the U.N. from intervening in Rwanda in 1994.
The story of four years of war and mass killing in Rwanda has instead been shortened and simplified into a 100-day morality play about genocide ending with “Never again!” And Kagame has been allowed to trump all evidence and reason by playing the genocide card for so long that he feels in no way compelled to offer a plausible or consistent explanation of anything.

Nearly 50,000 people reported missing in Rwanda this year

Although Rwandan officials denied, on Aug. 26, that anyone is missing, the government has, on other days, acknowledged that nearly 50,000 people have disappeared this year. The government says they’re missing, but dissident Rwandan refugees and exiles say they’re dead – and that they are Hutu victims of Kagame’s slow, silent, systematic Hutu genocide – genocide by exclusion, poverty, starvation, sterilization and execution.
Rwandans whom the government acknowledges are missing include 16,000 Hutu villagers from the country’s northwestern Ngororero District. Rwandan Interior Minister James Musoni acknowledged, in the country’s Kinyarwanda language, that these villagers are missing but said that the government has no idea where they’ve gone and fears they may have crossed Rwanda’s border with DR Congo to join the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR).
Rwanda’s Nyakiriba Prison in Rubavu burned July 7, 2014.
Rwanda’s Nyakiriba Prison in Rubavu burned July 7, 2014.
Rwandan refugee Ambrose Nzeyimana translated the English into Kinyarwanda and posted “Kigali acknowledges the disappearance of 16,000 of its citizens” to his British-based blog, The Rising Continent.Rwandans in exile write that these people have been massacred by the Kagame regime as part of its program to slowly, quietly and systematically eliminate the Hutu population. Their belief is based on their own experience, their contact with extended family in Rwanda and their attention to the Kinyarwanda press.
Rwandan prison authorities acknowledge that 30,000 Hutu prisoners sentenced to “community service” (hard labor) have also disappeared. Rwandan exiles, again, write that they’ve been executed by Kagame’s genocidal government.
It’s difficult to imagine how a government with one of the best trained, best equipped African military and security forces, including local forces everywhere, in one of the most tightly controlled, dictatorial regimes in the world, could lose track of 30,000 state prisoners. However, the government, again, and the Ibuka Tutsi survivors’ group, claim to fear that these people may have escaped across the border to join the FDLR in DR Congo, where they now constitute a threat to genocide survivors.
As with so much in Rwanda, including the history of the 1990-1994 war and genocide, there is a Tutsi version of the truth and a Hutu version, but the Tutsi version is legally enforced and championed worldwide by rich and powerful people, including Bill Clinton, Tony Blair, Rev. Rick Warren and Howard Buffett. Despite wholesale de facto discrimination against Hutu people, they join Kagame in proclaiming that truth and reconciliation have been achieved in Rwanda and ethnicity is no longer important.

Prisoners incinerated?

More Rwandan Hutu prisoners may have perished in a fire on June 5, 2014, in Rwanda’s largest prison, Muhanga Central Prison in Gitarama, and then in a second prison fire at Nyakiriba Prison in Rubavu (Gisenyi) on July 7.
Rwandan exiles write that prisoners in both Muhanga Central Prison and Nyakiriba Prison were intentionally incinerated in their cells, once again as part of a slow, silent, systematic Hutu genocide.
Is it likely that two, geographically distant Rwandan prisons would be destroyed or badly damaged by fire in barely more than one month? All we know is what Rwandan authorities say, and all they say is that there were two prison fires but no prisoners died.
Muhanga Prison in Gitarama, Rwanda’s largest prison, was partially destroyed by fire June 5, 2014.
Muhanga Prison in Gitarama, Rwanda’s largest prison, was partially destroyed by fire June 5, 2014.
Muhanga Prison, formerly known as Gitarama Central Prison, was known to be one of the most hellish prisons on earth. In 1995, a London Independent headline about it read, “Hutus held in ‘worst prison in world’: 7,000 suspects of Rwanda massacre are kept in jail built for 400.”
On June 6, the International Red Cross reported that “the accommodations” of 3,500 prisoners went up in flames in Gitarama but that the Rwandan government said no prisoners were in their cells at the time.

Hard evidence?

There will be no hard evidence of the truth behind any of these missing persons reports, except perhaps those few filed by Human Rights Watch, unless the U.N. Security Council deems the situation in Rwanda so dangerous to international security and stability that an independent U.N. investigative team must be allowed in, as when U.N. investigator Hans Blix’s team was allowed into Iraq before the 2003 U.S./U.K. invasion.
Of course, the U.S. and U.K. ignored Blix’s conclusion that there were no weapons of mass destruction in Iraq, as the U.S. and allied states will ignore any evidence counter to the security interests now defined by their executive corporate, military and foreign policy elites, not by popular democracy.
However, that’s no reason not to call for investigation. It’s better that Hans Blix’s team was allowed into Iraq than not, for the sake of history and global consciousness, and we can continue to work for just outcomes. Independent U.N. investigations should be undertaken, post haste, into each instance of individual and mass disappearances in Rwanda and into why bound, bagged bodies were found floating in Lake Rweru between the shores of Rwanda and Burundi.

Why has the U.S. renewed support for Kagame’s Rwanda?

Why did the U.S. renew its political and military support of Rwandan President Paul Kagame’s dictatorship at the U.S.-Africa Summit? Why is the U.S. threatening the Hutu refugees organized as the FDLR with military action if they refuse to disarm and surrender unconditionally?
The FDLR may be armed in self-defense, but Special Envoy to the Great Lakes Region Russ Feingold has acknowledged that they pose no credible threat to Rwanda. The majority of Rwandan Hutu refugees in eastern Congo are simply that – refugees – who dare not return to Rwanda for fear of having their names added to these long lists of missing persons that the Rwandan government says it’s unable to explain.
When the living quarters of 3,500 of the 6,000 prisoners in Rwanda’s Muhanga Prison were destroyed by fire, were the prisoners out of their cells so no one was hurt, as the government claims, or were they incinerated? – Photo: ICRC
When the living quarters of 3,500 of the 6,000 prisoners in Rwanda’s Muhanga Prison were destroyed by fire, were the prisoners out of their cells so no one was hurt, as the government claims, or were they incinerated? – Photo: ICRC
Rwandan opposition leaders, Hutu and Tutsi alike, and Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete have all called upon the Rwandan government to negotiate with the FDLR for safe repatriation to a Rwanda in which they will not be a de facto Hutu underclass threatened with elimination.
On Jan. 4, former Rwandan Gen. Kayumba Nyamwasa told KPFA: “I understand the guiltiness that maybe some could be feeling about their failure to stop the genocide. But you don’t support somebody who’s in the process of creating another genocide. And I think they should be able to examine their consciences, look at what is happening in Rwanda and see exactly what is taking place.”
Many Rwandan Hutus, refugees and exiles believe that if the regime now headed by Paul Kagame remains in power for another 50 years, there will be no Hutu people left in Rwanda.
Oakland writer Ann Garrison contributes to the San Francisco Bay ViewCounterpunchGlobal Research,Colored OpinionsBlack Agenda Report and Black Star News and produces radio news and features for Pacifica’s WBAI-NYCKPFA-Berkeley and her own YouTube Channel. She can be reached atanniegarrison@gmail.com. If you want to see Ann Garrison’s independent reporting continue, please contribute on her website, anngarrison.com.

DRC: The Life and Death of General Bahuma



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After rumors circulated on Saturday evening, the Congolese Defense Minister confirmed today that General Lucien Bahuma Ambamba passed away last night in a hospital in Pretoria, South Africa. He reportedly died of a cerebrovascular accident after falling ill on Thursday night in Kasese, Uganda, where he met his Ugandan counterparts to evaluate ongoing military operations against the ADF rebel group in Congo.
During his last function as commander of the 8th military region in North Kivu, Bahuma led the army into battles against the M23 and ADF rebel groups. According to photo journalist Pete Muller who covered the conflict extensively, “General Bahuma was as fine an officer as I’ve ever encountered and was a critical player in the FARDC’s victory against M-23 rebels last fall (see also Pete’s video dispatch).” According to other observers, he was a respected and progressive soldier who helped reorganize the army in the east. Tellingly, he has never been singled out by the United Nations Group of Experts for misconduct. An independent military expert said s/he has never heard anything negative about him.
The Congolese Defense Minister described Bahuma as “a man absolutely devoted, a brave officer, someone who put his heart and soul to his mission.” Chief of MONUSCO Martin Kobler sees him as a “good man” while civil society representatives in Beni called him the “pride” of the army and the “liberator” of the territory. Likewise, the Governor of North Kivu expressed his condolences.
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His passing comes eight months after the assassination of Colonel Mamadou Ndala (video here). While the circumstances of death are different, some see parallels between the two incidents, provoking suspicions that his death was not natural but the result of poisoning. Fighting the M23, Mamadou and Bahuma won the hearts and minds of many Congolese and the deep respect of their fellow soldiers whom they regularly accompanied to the front (video here). Jeune Afrique callshim a “homme de terrain.”
Speaking on the condition of anonymity, an expert on the army said the “army in North Kivu is very shocked. The two heros fighting M23 have disappeared at a time when there are rumors that ex-M23 elements are remerging. [...] It will be difficult to convince them that he [Bahuma] died of a natural death. There will be a trauma inside the army.” The newspaper La Prospérité said the “news had the effect of a bomb.”
If true, this could weaken an army which soon may have to engage one of the most complex armed groups remaining in eastern Congo, the FDLR. In addition, civil society in Beni is afraid that his loss might negatively affect ongoing operations against ADF.
All the while in Goma, the news about the General’s death have already sparked an improvised demonstration of female military dependents earlier today. The Governor of North KivuJulien Paluku and the civil society in Beni territory called on the population to remain calm.
While one should avoid hasty speculations and await the autopsy promised by the spokesperson of the Congolese government, it is important to bear in mind that the government has yet to deliver the results of its investigations into the killing of Mamadou. It is therefore important that the South African authorities provide for a transparent and swift examination, free of political interference. (See similardemands by the Congolese civil society organization LUCHA ).
The next few weeks will also bring a few reshuffles in the army. Not only will Bahumba need to be replaced, his former boss General Amisi, who has recently been cleared of serious charges of leaking weapons to rebels, might be reinstalled, which, according to an expert, would be a “catastrophe.”
The Life of General Bahuma
Born on 26 June 1957 in Yangambi in Orientale Province, General Bahuma has a long track-record in the Congolese army. Bahuma underwent military training at the officer school in Kananga, Kasaï-Occidental (later in France, too) before he served with the Special Presidential Division of former dictator Joseph Mobuto. Later he became the commander of the Training Center for the Pambwa Commando in North-Ubangi, Equateur Province. He was then appointed commander in the military wing of the Movement of the Liberation of Congo (MLC) of Jean-Pierre Bemba, who stands accused of several counts of crimes against humanity and war crimes in front of the International Criminal Court. After serving as commander of the 5th military regiment in Bas-Congo, he replaced General Mayala as commander of the 8th regiment in North Kivu in July 2012.
Further Resources
Photo credits: Pete Muller (photos 1,2) and Phil Moore (photos 3-12).

Saturday, August 2, 2014

FDU-INKINGI: LES ELECTIONS APPROCHENT

Les congressistes des FDU-Inkingi vivant à l'étranger vont bientôt élire leurs dirigeants pour un mandat de deux ans renouvelable lors d'un congrès extraordinaire spécifiquement dédié aux élections qui se tiendra les 13-14 Septembre 2014. Les congressistes devront ainsi élire un deuxième Vice-Président et ses collaborateurs qui se chargeront des commissions.

Pour rappel, selon le nouveau règlement intérieur du parti, en attente de leur régularisation au Rwanda, les FDU-Inkingi seront désormais dirigées par un Comité Directeur et un Bureau Politique.

Le Comité Directeur comprendra un Président (qui dirigera aussi le Bureau Politique), un Premier-Vice Président (VP1) vivant au Rwanda, un 2e Vice-Président (VP2) vivant à l'étranger, les Commissaires, le Secrétaire Général (SG1) vivant au Rwanda et le Secrétaire Général adjoint (SG2) vivant à l'étranger.

Le Bureau Politique comprendra un Présidentun Premier-Vice Président (VP1), un 2e Vice-Président (VP2), le Secrétaire Général (SG1) et le Secrétaire Général adjoint (SG2).

Pour le moment, Mme Victoire Ingabire Umuhoza reste Présidente du Comité Directeur et du Bureau Politique tandis Mr. Sylvain Sibomana reste Secrétaire Général du Comité Directeur et du Bureau Politique.

Les congressistes devront choisir l'une des deux listes ayant comme têtes de liste, Dr. Emmmanuel Mwiseneza et Mr. Joseph Bukeye, qui sont respectivement, Commissaire sortant chargé de communication et d'information et Commissaire sortant chargé de la mobilisation au sein des FDU-Inkingi. 

Ci-après, veuillez trouver les détails concernant les différentes listes. D'autres détails suivront dès que possible.



LA LISTE DE DR. EMMANUEL MWISENEZA:

Cohérence-Discipline-Rassemblement-Stratégie - Sécurité


QUI SONT-ILS ?

1. Dr. Emmanuel Mwiseneza (CC, CPL Liège), candidat VP2 :

Né le 14 octobre 1976, à Nyakizu (ex-Butare). Il est détenteur d’une licence de philosophie, d’un doctorat en médecine vétérinaire et d’une agrégation en sciences biologiques. Membre des FDU-Inkingi  depuis 2006. Il est actuellement commissaire sortant chargé de l’information et communication

2. Mme Marie-Madeleine Bicamumpaka (CC, CPL Bruxelles) :

Etudes des sciences politiques ; Maitrise en Relations Internationales ; Polyglotte. Membre des FDU depuis 2010, elle est actuellement commissaire sortante aux finances.

3. Mr. Théophile Habiyambere (CPL Allemagne) :

Né à Gisenyi, il a fait des études de commerce et travaille dans le domaine de la logistique. Membre des FDU depuis 2006.

4. Mr. Félicien Hategekimana (CPL USA) :

Né le 8 Juillet 1970 à Kanzenze (ex-Kigali Rurale), il a poursuivi ses études professionnelles aux Etats-Unis où il a obtenu un diplôme en construction. Membre des FDU depuis 2009.

5. Mr. Pierre Kayiranga (CPL USA) :

Né en 1942, il est détenteur d’un diplôme en constructions métalliques. Membre des FDU depuis 2010.

6. Mlle Jeanne d’Arc Ingabire (CPL Bruxelles) :

Née le 15/01/1983 à Nyaruguru, Assistante–gérant à Bruxelles, elle est membre des FDU depuis 2010.

7. Dr. Jean-Népomuscène Manirarora (CC, CPL USA):
     
      Né en 1967 à Cyungo (ex-Byumba), il est détenteur des diplômes de doctorat en médicine vétérinaire et en microbiologie-immunologie. Membre des FDU depuis 2008, il est actuellement commissaire sortant chargé du secrétariat, de la traduction et des archives.

8. Mr. Sixbert Musangamfura (CC, Finlande) :

Né à Gikongoro (1960). Il a fait les études universitaires en Histoire. Ancien journaliste, il est membre fondateur des FDU et commissaire sortant chargé des relations internationales.

9. Mr. Joseph Mushyandi (CPL Rouen) :

Né le 20 Avril 1951 à Muyunzwe (Ruhango). Ancien avocat, défenseur des droits de l’homme, il est membre des FDU depuis 2011.

10. Mr. Charles Ndereyehe (CC, CPL NL) :

Né le 01/10/1949 à Cyabingo-Ruhengeri.  Ingénieur Agronome spécialisé en génie rural,  Membre fondateur des FDU, il est actuellement commissaire sortant chargé des politiques et  stratégies.

11. Mr. Fabien Turayihorana (CPL Anvers) :

Né le 20/06/1975 à Nyabikenke (Ex-Gitarama), soudeur de profession, il est membre des FDU depuis 2010.


LA LISTE DE MR. JOSEPH BUKEYE

Transparence, Cohérence, Fidélité


QUI SONT-ILS ?

1. MR. BUKEYE JOSEPH: CPL Bruxelles



Né en 1959 à Bwakira-Kibuye. Licencié en Sciences
Economiques Sociales et de Gestion de l’Université
Nationale du Rwanda (promotion 1984), licencié en
Sciences Commerciales et Consulaires de l’ICHEC
(Institut Catholiques des Hautes Etudes
commerciales) de Bruxelles (promotion 2006),
Agrégé de l’Enseignement Secondaire Supérieur de 
l’ICHEC (promotion 2007) et actuellement Professeur
de Sciences Economiques.

Militant de première heure de l’opposition au régime
du FPR, je suis membre fondateur du RDR
(Rassemblement pour le Retour des
Réfugiés et de la Démocratie au Rwanda) en 1995,
dont je fus le tout premier Commissaire à
l’Information et Porte-parole, jusqu’à la
destruction des camps de réfugiés.

Je suis également membre des FDU-INKINGI depuis
leur création et suis chargé de la mobilisation
humaine. Sous mon mandat en tant
que responsable de la mobilisation, 10 CPL, ont été
créés, dont 9 sont toujours opérationnels Orléans (F),
Rouen (F), Lyon (F), Bruxelles (Be), Anvers (Be),
Liège (BE), Alost (Be), Dendermonde (Be), Hainaut=
(Be), ainsi qu’un Comité Régional en Belgique.
Depuis presque 4 ans, j’ai participé à toutes les
sessions Fundraising organisés chaque mois à
Bruxelles pour soutenir les actions du parti au
Rwanda.

2. MR. BAHUNGA JUSTIN : CPL Londres


63 ans, originaire de l’ancienne préfecture de
Byumba. Diplômé en Philosophie, il fut journaliste à
l’ORINFOR pour le journal Rwanda Carrefour
d’Afrique et ensuite La Relève comme rédacteur de la
section anglaise avant d’être affecté au Protocole
d’Etat et aux Affaires Etrangères. Il fut diplomate
pendant 14 ans avant de se réfugier au Royaume
Uni. Il parle couramment Français, Anglais et Swahili.
Il est un homme rassembleur et conciliant, sa
patience et sa maturité sont à l’origine de son élection
pour présider le difficile Congrès de Breda en
Mai 2014. Il a pu concilier des positions qui d’emblée,
étaient inconciliables.
Il fut membre du Comité de suivi. Il est membre du
parti FDU-INKINGI depuis leur création.

Il est responsable de Politique dans une ONG à
Londres depuis 6 ans et demi.

3. DR. MURAYI THÉOPHILE : CPL USA


Né le 12/02/1956 à Nyakariba-Kivu, Colonie du
Congo-Belge-Rwanda-Urundi; Dr Murayi a suivi ses
écoles primaire et secondaire à Gisenyi-Rwanda;
Baccalauréat en Sciences à l’Université Nationale du
Rwanda, Butare; Diplôme d’Ingénieur Agronome de
l’Elevage de l’Université Catholique de Louvain,
Louvain-La-Neuve, Belgique, possède un
diplôme de spécialité en élevage tropical de L’Institut
de Médecine Tropicale d’Anvers, Belgique;
Dr. Murayi détient un diplôme de Doctorat (Ph.D) en
Génétique Statistique de l’Université de Missouri à
Columbia, USA.

Directeur du Centre de sélection bovine de Songa
Butare jusqu’en Août 1988, Dr. Murayi vint aux Etats
Unis pour faire ses études de troisième cycle en Août
1988. Ayant obtenu son diplôme de Doctorat en Août
1993, Dr. Murayi a, depuis, travaillé en différentes
capacités, pour l’Etat  du Missouri et pour l’Etat
fédéral des Etats Unis d’Amérique. 

Parallèlement, Dr. Murayi s’est aussi engagé dans la
lutte de libération du peuple rwandais en rejoignant
des associations de lutte diverses comme
membre fondateur de l’ “Association Rwandaise pour
la Paix et la Réconciliation Nationale” en 1996,
comme Vice Président et membre fondateur de
l’association “Rwandan National Forum”
1998. Dr. Murayi est Président du “Comité Politique
Local (CPL) FDU INKINGI d’Amérique” et Président
de la société civile “Foundation for Freedom and
Democracy in Rwanda” depuis 2010.

Elu par le Congrès de Bruxelles (Juin 2013), Dr.
Murayi a apporté sa contribution aux travaux d’un
comité restreint appelé “Comité de Suivi”, qui a
proposé un nouveau mode de fonctionnement et un
Règlement d’Ordre Intérieur du parti FDU-INKINGI
entérinés par le Congrès de Breda en Mai 
2014.

4. MR. NIYITEGEKA ANTOINE : CPR Belgique


Né le 01.01.1965, à MATYAZO, NGOMA, BUTARE.
Baccalauréat en Sciences, Option mathématiques à
l'UNIVERSITE NATIONALE DU RWANDA
et Licencié en Informatique de l'UNIVERSITE DE
LIEGE en BELGIQUE.
Militant au sein des FDU-INKINGI et vice-président
du CPR de BELGIQUE chargé de la Mobilisation
humaine.

En tant que militant, j'ai participé à la création de
plusieurs CPL tant en Belgique qu'à l'étranger: CPL
de Liège, CPL d'Anvers, CPL de Bruxelles,
CPL de Tournai, CPL de Dendermonde et CPL de
LYON.

Participation active aux fundraising, sit-in,
organisations de toutes les manifestations de soutien
à notre présidente Mme Victoire Ingabire
Umuhoza, manifestation contre le régime de Kigali 
Kagame en tête-, préparations d'activités politiques:
meetings, commémorations communes
des victimes du 06/04/1994, fête du 50ème
anniversaire de l'indépendance,

etc...

5. Mme MUKAKINANI NAOMÉ : CPL Tournai-Mo


Née en 1961, mariée et mère de trois enfants.
Diplômes de Documentaliste obtenu à l'Université de
Dakar (Sénégal) et d'Aide-Soignante obtenu en
Belgique; J'ai milité dans des Associations des 
Femmes: FESOP (Femmes Solidaires pour la Paix)
et RIFDP (Réseau International des Femmes pour la
Démocratie et la Paix). Je suis membre active des
FDU depuis 2008.

6. MR. DUKUZEMUNGU EMMANUEL : CPL Orléans


Né le 01/01/1964 à Tambwe (Gitarama), marié, trois
enfants, Emmanuel DUKUZEMUNGU est membre
des FDU-INKINGI depuis 2009. Délégué
diplomatique du parti pour la France depuis 2011,
Emmanuel DUKUZEMUNGU est détenteur d'une
Licence en Logistique « Conception,
Management et Commercialisation de la chaîne de
transport de fret » de l'Université de Cergy-Pontoise
(France). Il a aussi une Licence en Théologie.
Il travaille actuellement dans le domaine du Transport
en tant que Contrôleur.
Emmanuel DUKUZEMUNGU a été élu par le
Congrès de Bruxelles (Juin 2013) pour faire partie
d'un comité restreint appelé "Comité de Suivi". C'est
grâce aux recommandations et au nouveau
Règlement d'Ordre Intérieur (ROI)
préparés par ce comité que le parti est en train
d'évoluer vers un avenir meilleur.

7. MR. KUBWIMANA DAMASCÈNE : CPL Lyon


Né en 1972 à Ngoma (Ex-Butare) avec formation
professionnelle en Sciences Infirmières, Université
Lyon 1. Ex-membre du MDR, rescapé des massacres
des réfugiés hutu rwandais (ex- ZAÏRE), membre des
FDU-INKINGI et vice président du CPL de Lyon.

8. MR. KWIHANGANA VICTOR : CPL Hollande


Né le 18-08-1988 à Nyarugenge. Il a un diplôme
d’Ingénieur architecte obtenu au Pays-Bas. Après 
quelques années de travail salarié, il a fondé sa
propre entreprise. Il est membre des FDU-INKINGI et
vice-président du CPL Hollande.

9. MR. MBONIGABA BONIFACE : CPL Allemagne


Né le 05.05.1963, a fait ses études secondaires au
Petit Séminaire St. Léon à Kabgayi. Ingénieur civil en
Allemagne où il vit et travaille depuis plusieurs
années. Étant formé comme modérateur de la
communication interculturelle, il a travaillé aussi
comme bénévole dans les services sociaux.

10. DR. HAKIZIMANA SAMUEL : CPL Dakar


Né en 1964, à Mukingo (Ruhengeri). Baccalauréat en
Sciences option Biologie de l’Université Nationale du
Rwanda et docteur en Sciences vétérinaires de
l’Université Cheikh Anta Diop et titulaire d’un
Certificat Spécialisé en qualité des aliments (CES).
Membre du RDR en 1996 et vice président de sa
section au Sénégal. Membre des FDU-INKINGI
depuis leur création. Il est actuellement la seule
antenne sur le continent africain qui soit vraiment
opérationnel, malgré d’énormes difficultés
auxquelles il doit faire face. Grâce à son action, le
parti s’est fait un nom en Afrique de l’Ouest.

11. Mlle IRAKOZE Jenny FLORAAfrique

Née à Nyakabuye , Province de l'Ouest, le 11 août
1988. Licenciée en Biologie appliquée, option
Microbiologie. Ancien membre du Comité Exécutif
Provisoire (trésorière) des FDU au Rwanda. Flora a
eu le courage exceptionnel de remplacer à pied levé
madame Alice Muhirwa, qui venait de claquer la porte
du CEP au moment même où madame Victoire
Ingabire faisait face à ses juges devant la Cour
Suprême.

Flora a su non seulement reprendre toutes les
responsabilités qui étaient dévolues à madame
Muhirwa Alice, mais a pu aussi y ajouter une touche
personnelle, avec l’encadrement des jeunes et des
femmes. Ceci n’a d’ailleurs pas échappé au régime
qui a tenté en vain de l’arrêter, puis lancé un mandat
d’amener à son encontre.

Qu’elle ait pu déjouer l’omniprésence des services de
sécurité et quitter le pays est aussi un acte de
bravoure qui ne peut qu’augurer plus dans la nouvelle
équipe.